The National Women’s Law Center’s Labor Day Index
September 5, 2012
In honor of Labor Day, here’s a snapshot of how working women are faring in today’s economy, by the numbers.
- Percentage of college graduates earning bachelor’s degrees who are women: 57.
- Percentage of students earning master’s degrees who are women: 60.
- Years of college that a man must attend, on average, to earn approximately the same as a woman with a four-year degree: 2.
- The typical number of cents paid to a full-time, year-round woman worker for every dollar paid to her male counterpart: 77.
- The typical number of cents paid to an African-American full-time, year-round woman worker for every dollar paid to a white, non-Hispanic man: 62.
- The typical number of cents paid to a Latina full-time, year-round woman worker for every dollar paid to a white, non-Hispanic man: 54.
- The amount of money a typical woman loses over the course of a 40-year career due to the wage gap: $431,000.
- Out of 22 industrialized countries, the number of countries with a smaller gender wage gap than the United States: 14.
- Out of the 111 occupations for which wage gap data is available, the number of occupations in which men out-earn women: 107.
- The total number of EEOC charges alleging sex or pay discrimination against women in Fiscal Year 2011: 29,453 (30% of all charges).
- The percentage of seats held by women in the United States Congress: 17.
- The number of women CEOs of Fortune 500 companies: 19 (3.8% of all Fortune 500 CEOs).
- The percentage of women in the federal judiciary: 31.
- The percentage decrease in coaching positions on women’s college teams held by women from 1972 to 2012: 53 percent.
- The number of minimum wage workers that are women: 2 out of 3.
- The number of women working in traditionally female occupations: 4 out of 10.
- For every 1 man, the number of women working in occupations with typical earnings below the federal poverty threshold for a family of four: 2.4.
- The rate at which low-wage jobs have grown in comparison to middle and high-wage jobs during the recovery: nearly 3 to 1.
- The unemployment rate among adult women: 7.5%.
- The poverty rate among women: 14.5 percent.
- The average number of hours a woman spends per day caring for and helping household members, doing housework, fixing meals and managing the household: nearly 5.
- The number of federal laws providing paid sick leave, paid family leave, or fair scheduling practices: 0.
- The percentage of American families in which women are primary or co-breadwinners: 63.