Junk Food Marketing's Contribution to Latino Childhood Obesity
Junk food marketing to kids is a huge piece of the U.S. obesity puzzle and Latino youth are a prime target for marketers, largely because of their large population numbers.
Currently they comprise 22% of all U.S. youth and by 2025 will rise to 30%.
But sheer numbers aren’t the only reason Latino kids are a prime target of food ads.
Latino kids have higher rates of exposure to media—TV, computers, video games, mobile games, etc.—in a typical day than do their white peers, about 13 hours compared with 8.36 hours. And Latino teens have been called “superconsumers” of soda, candy, and snacks spending 4% more than non-Latino teens.
About 84% of kid-targeted food and drinks ads on Spanish-language TV promote foods in the lowest nutritional category, versus 74% on English channels, one study found. Another study found that Latino neighborhoods have nine times more outdoor ads for unhealthy foods and drinks than White neighborhoods.
How do marketers target Latino kids with food ads?
Marketers consider relevant ethnic-specific media channels, social institutions (i.e., churches) and shopping patterns. Through these media outlets they use Latino-relevant ethnic symbols, linguistic styles, music, athletes and celebrities to link cultural values with certain foods. Marketers create emotional bonds and connections to products through these methods.
Spanish-language websites also target Latina moms, who they view as the decision-makers for food products bought for kids. Fast-food companies have developed ethnically targeted web content, such as McDonald’s MeEncanta.com, which features music, online video games, and promotional material in Spanish.
What can be done to limit unhealthy marketing to Latino kids?
Food and beverage industry self-regulation of marketing to youths is mixed, and government regulation of food marketing to kids is limited.
Some efforts are going on. For example, the Walt Disney Company in 2012 announced a plan to phase junk food advertising out of its TV and radio programming targeted at kids. Other companies are taking small steps toward self-regulation, like Nickelodeon who annually shuts down all programing for a Saturday morning and hosts a Worldwide Day of Play, encouraging viewers to get out in their communities to exercise.
Additional industry self-regulation and governmental regulation—stimulated by community awareness and action—can help limit the marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages to Latino children.
Local actions, according to one study, include:
- In restaurants, enact local menu nutrition labeling laws and restrict placement of fast-food restaurants near schools or the density of fast food.
- In communities, tailor vending contracts to limit the sale and marketing of unhealthy foods at parks, pools, etc.
- In food retail markets, limit amount of store window space dedicated to signs, and/or require “healthy check-out aisles.”
- In toy and sporting-goods stores where food isn’t the main product, prohibit food sales.
- In schools, prohibit the sale and advertising of unhealthy foods on campus, including fundraisers and concession stands at sporting events.
Marketers’ target has been set on Latino kids. Now it’s up to individuals and groups to make sure our children see healthy food options, rather than unhealthy ones.
Be sure to check out the research package on health marketing and Latino kids at http://bit.ly/I2Ubt3 by Salud America! The RWJF Research Network to Prevent Obesity Among Latino Children. There you will find a fascinating animated video and colorful infographic that makes it easy to understand the issue and how it related to Latino kids.
This blog is a part of the MomsRising and CSPI #HealthyHalloween Blog Carnival